Bangladesh's mobile phone market returned to growth in 2019 with a 4.1 per cent annual growth, shipping 29.6 million units during the year, UNB says quoting a new report released from New Delhi on Monday.
Feature phones continued to dominate with 76.6 per cent share and 22.7 million units shipment with a 4.9 per cent annual growth, according to the International Data Corporation's (IDC) Worldwide Quarterly Mobile Phone Tracker, 4Q19.
In the smartphone category, a total of 6.9 million smartphones were shipped in 2019 with a 1.4 per cent year-over-year (YoY) growth.
The last quarter of the year (4Q19) saw the healthy growth in the overall mobile phone shipments as the category grew 19.5 per cent YoY and 16.2 per cent from the previous quarter, contributing 8.8 million shipments to the year.
In June 2019, the government of Bangladesh increased the customs duty on the import of completely built units (CBU) of the smartphone to 25 per cent from 10 per cent earlier, resulting in a 4.1 per cent decline YoY in 2H19.
However, as feature phones were left outside of this increased duty structure, it saw a strong recovery with 20.1 per cent YoY growth in 2H19.
The China-based vendors continued to launch higher-priced smartphone models with better specifications.
This helped the average selling price (ASP) of smartphones to reach $99 with a 5.7 per cent YoY growth in 2019.
The share of 4G-enabled smartphones reached 69 per cent with 50.4 per cent annual growth in 2019.
However, 3G smartphones still hold 31 per cent category share, primarily because these smartphones were selling at less than half of the price of a 4G smartphone. Also, due to limited coverage and poor quality of the 4G network, users are still reluctant to upgrade.
"Despite modest growth, the country saw a shift in local manufacturing as three out of four smartphones shipped in 4Q19 were locally assembled from just one-fourth smartphones assembled in 1Q19," said Ekta Mittal, Market Analyst, Client Devices, IDC India.
"Walton was the leading vendor in (Bangladesh's) local production as it assembles all its devices in the country. Among the global vendors, Samsung assembles almost all of its smartphones in the country but still depends on import of feature phones.
Also, OPPO and vivo had started their local production from 2H19 and a few more vendors are expected to set up their local production in the coming months," added Mittal.
Commenting on the recent growth of local assembly, Jaipal Singh, Associate Research Manager, Client Devices, IDC India, said as the local governments continue to discourage the CBU (Completely Built Units) import across countries, it is putting immense pressure on global vendors to diversify their production plants in key geographies to meet the local demand.
Singh said this provides an opportunity to reduce the dependency on China.
"At the same time, it also brings a lot of challenges, starting from managing the overall cost, inventory, and production, especially when the domestic demand is limited, and manufacturing is largely restricted to assembling of devices locally and all the components still have to be imported."
"As vendors settle their production challenges, we expect a gradual shift to smartphones in the coming years. However, the 4G network coverage and data pricing will play a critical role in this transition," Singh said.
Following are the highlights of top five companies in 2019
Samsung surpassed Symphony to become the market leader in 2019. It shipped 1.1 million units with an 87.1 per cent annual growth, mainly contributed by its expansion in tier-2 and tier-3 cities. Galaxy A2 core was the top-selling model for the company comprising one-fifth volumes, followed by Galaxy A10.
Symphony slipped to the second slot as its shipments declined 29.5 per cent from the same time a year ago. The vendor attempted to correct the pricing of its existing models and introduced new models in ultra-low-end price bands with better specifications. However, it struggled to compete against the new competition from China-based vendors and Samsung's expansion.
Transsion displaced Huawei for the third position as its shipments grew 14.3 per cent in 2019. Its effective channel management, continuous focus on the ultra-low-end segment, and strong retailer connect helped it to gain a quick share in the market. Also, its sub-brand 'Tecno' saw an impressive 75.5 per cent YoY growth in 2019 due to the increased market visibility.
Walton climbed to the fourth position as its shipments saw 23.6 per cent annual growth in 2019. Walton was able to strengthen its position in the entry-level segment as its share had increased to 15.4 percent in 2019 from 11.0 per cent a year ago in the sub $100 segment. Brand's EMI scheme is also playing a role in onboarding first-time users.
Xiaomi made it to the top-5 for the first time as the brand almost doubled its shipments from a year ago. Xiaomi had been aggressive throughout the year and launched 14 new models in 2019.
Xiaomi's Redmi Go and Redmi 6A contributed almost one-fourth to its total volumes and helped it to further cement its position in the entry-level segment.
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