ZURICH, Oct 8 (Reuters): Credit Suisse will buy back up to 3 billion Swiss francs ($3 billion) of debt, an attempt by the Swiss bank to show its financial muscle and reassure investors concerned about the lender's overhaul and how much it may cost.
Speculation about the bank's future gathered pace on social media in the past week amid anticipation it may need to raise billions of francs in fresh capital, sending its stock and some bonds to new lows.
The buyback trims the bank's debts and is an attempt to bolster confidence. But central questions about its restructuring - and whether or not it will need fresh capital to fund it - remain open.
One of the largest banks in Europe, Credit Suisse is trying to recover from a string of scandals, including losing more than $5 billion from the collapse of investment firm Archegos last year, when it also had to suspend client funds linked to failed financier Greensill.
Bank executives spent last weekend reassuring large clients and investors about its financial strength. CEO Ulrich Koerner also told staff in a memo it had sufficient capital and liquidity.
Seeking to underscore this, the bank said the buyback would "allow us to take advantage of market conditions to repurchase debt at attractive prices".
Investors took heart. Credit Suisse shares gained as much as 3% in early Friday trading, while the price of its euro-denominated bonds rose.
"It's an opportunistic move to take advantage of market conditions that might be reassuring to some investors," said Vontobel analyst Andreas Venditti. "If bought below par, a gain results that will increase capital slightly."
Ratings agency Moody's said the move was likely intended to stabilise spreads on the bank's debt ahead of its upcoming strategic announcement and to show the bank is comfortable with its liquidity position.
"Further, CS should book a capital gain, as its senior unsecured bonds trade at around 75 cents to the dollar. The capital gain will boost CS's capital position, a credit positive," said Moody's analyst Alessandro Roccati.
On Friday the price of Credit Suisse's five-year credit default swaps fell 24.5 basis points to 311.5 bps, indicating increased confidence in the bank.
Earlier this week, in an unusual move, the Swiss National Bank, which oversees the financial stability of systemically important banks in Switzerland, said it was monitoring the situation at Credit Suisse.
Banks are deemed systemically important if their failure would undermine the Swiss economy and financial system.
Credit Suisse's move is reminiscent of a multibillion-euro debt buyback by Deutsche Bank in 2016, when it faced a similar crisis and doubts over its future.
Dixit Joshi, a former Deutsche executive, has recently joined Credit Suisse as finance chief.
Zuercher Kantonalbank said the bonds were currently trading at a high discount, which allowed Credit Suisse to cut debt at a low cost. Analyst Christian Schmidiger said the move was also a "signal that Credit Suisse has sufficient liquidity".
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