The life expectancy at birth for Bangladeshis has gone up to 72.6 years from last year's 72.3, revealed the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS).
The rate for women is higher (74.2 years) than their male counterparts (71.1 years).
According to the BBS report, the literacy rate for the age of 15 and above also increased to 74.70 per cent in 2019 from 73.9 per cent in 2018.
The national statistical body published the 'Bangladesh Sample Vital Statistical (BSVS) Report 2019' at an event in Dhaka on Tuesday.
Planning minister MA Mannan, statistics and informatics division secretary Muhammad Yamin Chowdhury and BBS director general Mohammad Tajul Islam were present.
The BBS took 298,810 households from 2012 areas countrywide as samples for the survey.
As per the report, Bangladesh's total population till January 2020 reached 167.43 million.
The sex ratio (female to male) in the country was recorded at 100.3 in 2019 which was also similar in the calendar year 2018.
The ratio was 100.3 three years ago, the report showed.
The birth rate in the country decreased a little bit to 1.32 per cent in 2019 from 1.33 per cent in 2018.
Bangladesh still possesses demographic dividend as it had 54.6-per cent people from the age group of 15-49 years in 2019 like the previous year 2018.
According to the BBS report, the crude death reduced to 4.9 persons among each 1,000 people in 2019 from 5.0 persons in 2018.
The under-five child mortality rate also dropped to 28 per 1,000 in 2019 from 29 a year ago in 2018.
The state of maternal mortality has also improved. Some 1.65 mothers died during delivery among each 1,000 children in 2019.
In 2018, the mortality rate was 1.69.
The BBS survey also showed that Bangladesh's household size was 4.1 in 2019. It means 4.1 persons on average live in each household.
Over the past three years from 2017 to 2019, the household size has been static.
From health perspective, 81.5 per cent of the total population in Bangladesh used sanitary latrine in 2019 which was lower at 78.1 per cent in 2018.
The country's 88.4-per cent people are Muslim and the rest 11.6 per cent are from different religions, according to the latest BBS report.
It disclosed that 93.5-per cent people here use on-grid electricity while 3.3 per cent solar power.
Mr Mannan in his speech said the BBS has to dig out accurate data and information from grass-roots level as it ultimately helps policy-makers make plans, programmes and policies.
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