Bangladesh is among thirty-eight emerging market economies having initiated key banking reforms to drive development and fight climate change, according to the second Global Progress Report of the IFC-facilitated Sustainable Banking Network (SBN).
These reforms require banks to assess, manage, and report on environmental, social and governance (ESG) risks in their lending operations and put market incentives in place for banks to lend to green projects, said a statement.
Of the 38 countries, 22 have adopted national sustainable finance policies and voluntary principles, seven of which were launched in 2019 alone. The report also captures the progress made by 14 countries to actively grow their green bond markets; and data shows increasing innovation by financial institutions to green their lending portfolios.
"SBN members have demonstrated that transforming financial markets toward sustainability is possible," said Georgina Baker, Vice President of IFC, World Bank Group. "Emerging markets are on the forefront of this shift - and SBN's tools and guidance have laid the groundwork for more countries to follow suit."
In addition to providing practical resources for countries undertaking sustainable finance reforms, the report also highlights the peer-to-peer knowledge sharing of SBN members - a hallmark approach of the network.
Bangladeshis among the group of countries advancing implementation of sustainable banking framework over the past few years. Since 2011, Bangladesh Bank has developed several policies to promote sustainable finance, including Policy Guidelines on Green Banking in 2013, and Guidelines on Environmental and Social Risk Management (ESRM) in 2017. These guidelines encourage banks and financial institutions to incorporate environmental and social risk management into their credit activities, and to publish green banking and sustainability reports. The guidelines reflect the commitment of the Government of Bangladesh to sustainability, and the importance of the banking and financial sector in helping the country to achieve progress towards Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and nationally determined contributions (NDCs).
"It is aspiring for us to observe the remarkable progression of Bangladesh among its peers in the SBN global report. The report also provides us worthy snapshot of spaces to improve further through innovation in the coming years." said Mr. Khondkar Morshed Millat, General Manager, Sustainable Finance Department, Bangladesh Bank.
"Ultimately, SBN is about collaboration," said Ye Yanfei, Deputy Director-General, China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission and co-Chair of SBN Measurement Working Group. "By bringing together regulators, policymakers, trade associations and development institutions, SBN has been able to not only turn sustainable finance policies into action, but also strengthen measurement to capture market impact."
Established in 2012, SBN now represents 53 financial regulators and banking associations from 38 emerging countries committed to sustainable finance. SBN's member countries represent $43 trillion-or 85 percent-of emerging market banking assets.
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